The line of the practice of the Pedagogy in Basic Education career has as one of its central axes the reflection of the students and the construction of their learning, from the observation of other teachers and their own experience in front of the classroom. Lessons. In this context, a key and essential concept for teachers in training are “Classroom Management.”
It is a great challenge, both for teachers in training and for “teachers of teachers.” It is necessary to enable new professionals in specific classroom management techniques, fostering an environment that emphasizes the social context of academic tasks. Thus, we will have tools to improve the climate and promote deep, meaningful, and quality learning in children.
5 KEY ELEMENTS IN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT
The term “Classroom Management” is inclusive and can be approached from entirely different points of view. Depending on where we analyze it, we will find disparate strategies when creating a space for development. However, all the elements that we could talk about will follow the same objective: to create a space where the magic of learning occurs in the most efficient way possible.
As I was saying, we can attend to many elements, but some seem essential when planning everything that can happen in our classrooms. If we had to distinguish the 5 key elements, this would be our choice: space, time, subject, students, and teacher.
1. THE SPACE
For us, it is the physical place in which the teaching-learning experience occurs between all the protagonists of the same, the different students and the teacher. Regarding space, some of the elements that we can take into account would be:
- The distribution of tables and chairs in the space itself (in more traditional classrooms) or even the placement of materials or necessary aspects in more alternative classrooms (for example, a Surf class, a basketball training, or a dance class).
- The students’ disposition in the space itself will mark their possibilities of vision of the class, listening, and even their participation in it.
The teacher’s disposition, movements, and movements in the same space since this type of detail can cause his students’ attention to fluctuating.
2. THE TIME
Time is such a valuable resource that often goes unnoticed not only in classrooms but in life itself. Time, curiously, is the only resource that cannot remain recovered, multiplied, or divided. Every minute that passes in a classroom is a minute that will not return. That is why it is so important to put it to precious use. Some of the elements to take into account would be:
- The time available for a specific class and the distribution that we are going to do with it. It is essential to plan in detail and make forecasts of it so that we do not leave with either excess time or the feeling that we lack time when transmitting what is necessary.
- Notice how the attention of the students and our own fluctuate overtime to find valuable tools that reactivate the classroom from time to time.
3. THE MATTER
With this, we refer to the subject, subject, or class itself and all those resources, materials, activities, etc., that we can use in that space when we have available. Some of the elements to take into account would be:
- We can use methods and how each of these will have a better or worse reception among students.
4. THE STUDENTS
We are referring to those great protagonists of training, those without whom our task as trainers, teachers, coaches, professors, and teachers would have no meaning. Some of the elements that we can take into account when managing our students would be:
- -The distinctive characteristics of each group make the experience of being a teacher different in each classroom. Features such as the number of students in the school, ages, interactions, expectations, interests, tastes, fears, and many other aspects will give the group personality.
5. THE TEACHER
Another of the great protagonists or the most relevant in the classroom management will be the teacher himself since the task of leadership of all the previous factors ends up being your most significant responsibility. To do this, some elements that we can take into account would be:
- The knowledge you have been developing over time through formal education. And through all those experiences and situations you live in a classroom.
- The skills that allow you to manage in one way or another with the available space you have in the classroom. With the time you have, the material and non-material resources, and above all, with the ability to move. And reach each of the students that are part of the great experience that you have before yourself.