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Formative Assessment: Definition, Purpose, Approaches, and More

formative assessment

Formative Assessment

Formative Assessment – It is a process of continuous evaluation that occurs during teaching and learning, based on the search and interpretation of evidence about the achievement of students concerning a goal. It allows the teacher to identify where the learners are, know what difficulties they face in their learning process and determine what is next and where they should go to close the gap between current knowledge and expected goals and the best way to get there.

What is the Purpose of Formative Assessment?

Formative assessment is a permanent and systematic process in which information is calm and analyzed to understand and assess the learning processes and the levels of advancement in developing competencies. On this basis, decisions are made in a timely and relevant manner to continuously improve the learning and teaching methods. In this sense, the purpose of the evaluation is to contribute to developing the students’ competencies as the ultimate goal of learning the Basic Education Graduate Profile.

It is how a formative assessment focused on competencies seeks, in various stages of the process, the following:

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6 Useful Approaches to Formative Assessment

1. Analyze student work

You can learn a lot from student assignments, tests, and exams. It is especially so if students are essential to explain their thinking.

When teachers take the period to analyze student work, they gain insight into:

This approach allows teachers to modify their instruction to be more effective in the future.

2. Round Robin Charts and Formative Assessment

This Strategy involves passing Gantt charts software between the groups to assess understanding. Each group of 4-5 students begins with a graph and some markers.

3. Strategic Questioning

The questioning strategies can remain used with individuals, small groups, or the whole class.

Effective formative assessment strategies consist of asking students to answer higher-order questions like “why” and “how.” Higher-order questions require deeper thinking from students.

They can help the teacher separate the level and extent of student understanding.

4. Share Strategy as a Couple ( Think-pair-share )

It is one of many formative assessment strategies that is simple for teachers to use. The teacher asks a question, and the students write their answers.

Students are in pairs to discuss their answers. Teachers can move around the classroom and listen to various discussions. It allows them to gain valuable insight into levels of understanding.

5. Surveys in the Classroom for Formative Assessment

Surveys allow students to give quick and accurate answers. A silent survey is perfect for those “shy” students who have trouble speaking.

They are also a quick way to check to understand using mobile technology. Try tools like Poll Everywhere or Survey Planet.

6. One Minute Papers

One-minute jobs are usually ready at the end of the day. Students can work individually or in groups here.

They must answer a short question in writing. Typical questions from teachers center around:

Without formative assessments, the first indication that a student does not understand. His approach to the material usually occurs when he fails an exam or a test. Thus, an innovative formative assessment strategy like this can drive failure out of our classroom.

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