What is a Mutual Fund?

Mutual funds are open-ended investment companies that group investors’ money in a fund functioned by a portfolio manager. This manager then turns around and devotes this large pool of shareholder money to a portfolio of various assets or combinations of assets.

The funds will issue and redeem shares on-demand at the net asset value or the Fund’s net asset value. Mutual fund management fees typically range from 0.5% to 2% of assets per year, but 12b-1 fees, exchange fees, and other administrative fees also apply.

There are several types of Mutual Funds that you should know about:

Closed mutual funds: Closed mutual funds issue a fixed number of shares to the investing public and are primarily listed on major exchanges, just like corporate stocks. Secure funds often invest in a particular sector, a specific industry, or a particular country.

Open Mutual Funds – Open mutual funds are ready to issue and redeem shares on an ongoing basis. Shareholders purchase the shares at the Net Asset Value (NAV) and exchange them at the current market price.

Class A Shares The A shares of a mutual fund charge an initial charge at the time of purchase. This sales fee is charged as a percentage of the total investment and is used to compensate the financial representative who sells the Fund.

The amount of the front-end charge subtracts from the original investment. For example, if a depositor places $ 10,000 in a mutual fund with a 2% initial charge, the total sales charge would be $ 200. The remaining $ 9,800 will go toward purchasing shares in the Fund. Percentages may also impose an asset-based sales charge. Investors do not pay these charges directly. Instead, they take from the Fund’s assets. The Fund then uses these fees to trade and distribute its shares.

Class B Shares: B Shares charge background service charges. When an investor purchases the B shares of a mutual fund, the sales charge defer until the Fund sells. This lazy load generally decreases each year. B Shares naturally charge a higher asset-based sales fee than Class A Shares. For example, B shares in a mutual fund may remain charged 5% if the shares are selling within the first year. Class C Shares: Class C shares do not usually impose an initial charge but often charge a nominal fee if the shares are selling within a year. Class C shares often execute a high asset-based sales charge but will not change to A claims when the control reverts to zero.

Because it is Important:

A depositor needs to consider mutual funds among their investment opportunities.

The advantages of financing in mutual funds include:

  • Professional management
  • Investment diversification
  • Liquidity
  • Explicit investment objectives
  • Simple reinvestment programs


  • Many funds charge high fees, leading to lower overall returns.
  • Over time, statistics have shown that the most actively managed funds tend to underperform their benchmark averages.
  • Mutual funds cannot be bought or sold during regular trading hours but trade only once a day.

Two means to make money on a Mutual Fund

Capital Gains: You will earn a capital gain if you sell your mutual Fund for more than you paid.  If you retail your mutual Fund for less than what you paid for it, you will lose capital.

Distributions – Depending on the kind of Fund you have purchased, you may also receive distributions of dividends, interest, capital gains, or other income that the Fund receives from your investments. You can choose whether to receive cash distributions or reinvest in the Fund for you. Unless you request a cash distribution, the mutual Fund will generally roll over the distributions for you.

How are mutual funds taxed?

If you keep your mutual funds in an unregistered version, any money you earn from them is taxable. Distributions are tax-exempt in the year they receive, whether in cash or rolled over to you. Interest, dividends, and capital gains treat differently for tax purposes, which will affect the performance of an investment.

Where to buy Mutual Funds?

  • Banks and trust
  • Companies
  • Life insurance
  • Corporations
  • Mutual fund traders
  • Investment companies

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